Alison Gopnik Empirical Papers: Causal Learning

  click colored title to obtain copy [download Acrobat Reader]
 

 

Explaining Prompts Children to Privilege Inductively Rich Properties

C. Walker, T. Lombrozo, C. Legare, & A. Gopnik (In press). Explaining Prompts Children to Privilege Inductively Rich Properties. Cognition.

 

Causal learning from probabilistic events in 24-month-olds

A. Waismeyer, A. N. Meltzoff, & A. Gopnik (In press). Causal learning from probabilistic events in 24-month-olds: An action measure. Developmental Science.

 

The child as econometrician: ...

C. G. Lucas, T. L. Griffiths, F. Xu, C. Fawcett, A. Gopnik, T. Kushnir, L. Markson, & J. Hu (In press). The child as econometrician: A rational model of preference understanding in children. PLoS.

 

Learning to learn from stories

C. Walker, P. Ganea, & A. Gopnik (In press). Learning to learn from stories: Children's developing sensitivity to the causal structure of fictional worlds. Child Development.

 

Win-stay, lose-sample

E. Bonawitz, S. Denison, A. Gopnik, & T. Griffiths (In press). Win-stay, lose-sample: A simple sequential algorithm for approximating Bayesian inference. Cognitive Psychology.

 

Of babies and birds: complex tool behaviours ...

A. Taylor, L. Cheke, A. Waismeyer, A. Meltzolf, R. Miller, A. Gopnik, N. Clayton, & R. Gray (2014). Of babies and birds: Complex tool behaviours are not sufficient for the evolution of the ability to create a novel causal intervention. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281:20140837, published 11 June 2014.

 

When children are better learners than adults: learning the forms of causal relationships

C. G. Lucas, S. Bridgers, T. L. Griffiths, & A. Gopnik (2014). When children are better (or at least more open-minded) learners than adults: Developmental differences in learning the forms of causal relationships. Cognition 131:284-299.

 

Rational variability in children's causal inference: The Sampling Hypothesis

S. Denison, E. Bonawitz, A. Gopnik, & T. Griffiths (2013). Rational variability in children's causal inference: The Sampling Hypothesis. Cognition 126(2):285-300.

 

Did she jump because ...? Causal inference and the development of social attribution

E. Seiver, A. Gopnik, A, & N. Goodman (2013). Did she jump because she was the big sister or because the trampoline was safe? Causal inference and the development of social attribution. Child Development Mar./Apr. 2013, 84:443-454.

 

18-30-month-olds infer higher-order relational principles in causal learning

Walker C.M. & A. Gopnik (in press (2013)). 18-30-month-olds infer higher-order relational principles in causal learning. Psychological Science 24 pages.

 

Scientific thinking in young children

A. Gopnik (2012). Scientific thinking in young children. Theoretical advances, empirical research and policy implications. Science 28 Sept. 2012, 337:1623-1627.

 

Probabilistic causal reasoning in young children

A. Waisman, A. Meltzoff, & A. Gopnik (2012). Probabilistic causal reasoning in young children. Presented at International Conference on Infancy Studies, Minnesota.

 

Learning about causes from people

A. N. Meltzoff, A. Waismeyer, & A. Gopnik (2012). Learning about causes from people: Observational causal learning in 24-month-olds. Developmental Psychology DOI: 10.1037/a0027440.

 

Infants learn about objects from statistics and people

R. Wu, A. Gopnik, D. C. Richardson, & N. Z. Kirkham (2011). Infants learn about objects from statistics and people. Developmental Psychology 47(5):1220-1229.

 

Bayes and Blickets: Effects of knowledge on causal induction ...

T. L. Griffiths, D. Sobel, J. B. Tenenbaum & A. Gopnik (2011). Bayes and Blickets: Effects of knowledge on causal induction in children and adults. Cognitive Science 35(8):1407-1455.

 

Children's Imitation of Causal Action Sequences

D. Buchsbaum, A. Gopnik, T.L. Griffiths, & P. Shafto (2011). Children's imitation of causal action sequences is influenced by statistical and pedagogical evidence. Cognition 120(3):331-340.

 

Developmental differences in causal learning

C. G. Lucas, A. Gopnik, & T. L. Griffiths (2010). When children are better (or at least more open-minded) learners than adults: Developmental differences in learning the forms of causal relationships. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, S. Ohlsson, R. Catrambone, Eds.(Cognitive Science Society, Austin, Tex.), 28-52.

 

Just do it? Investigating the gap between prediction and action ...

E. B. Bonawitz, D. Ferranti, R. Saxe, A. Gopnik, A. N. Meltzoff, J. Woodward, & L. E. Schulz (2010). Just do it? Investigating the gap between prediction and action in toddlers' causal inferences. Cognition 115:104-117.

 

Inferring hidden causal structure

T. Kushnir, A. Gopnik, C. Lucas, & L. Schulz (2010). Inferring hidden causal structure. Cognitive Science 34:148-160.

 

The blicket within: Preschoolers' inferences about insides and causes

D. Sobel, C. Yoachim, A. Gopnik, A. Meltzoff, & E.Blumenthal (2007). The blicket within: Preschoolers' inferences about insides and causes. Journal of Cognition and Development 8(2):159-182.

 

Preschool children learn about causal structure from conditional interventions

L. Schulz, A. Gopnik, & C. Glymour (2007). Preschool children learn about causal structure from conditional interventions. Developmental Science (special section on Bayesian and Bayes-Net approaches to development) 10(3):322-332.

 

Conditional probability versus spatial contiguity in causal learning: ...

T. Kushnir, & A. Gopnik (2007). Conditional probability versus spatial contiguity in causal learning: Preschoolers use new contingency evidence to overcome prior spatial assumptions. Developmental Psychology. 43(1):186-196.

 

Young children infer causal strength from probabilities and interventions

T. Kushnir & A. Gopnik (2005). Young children infer causal strength from probabilities and interventions. Psychological Science 16(9):678-683.

 

Children's causal inferences from indirect evidence

D. Sobel, J. Tenenbaum & A. Gopnik (2004). Children’s causal inferences from indirect evidence: Backwards blocking and Bayesian reasoning in preschoolers. Cognitive Science 28(3):303-333.

 

Causal learning across domains

L. Schulz & A. Gopnik (2004). Causal learning across domains. Developmental Psychology 40(2):162-176.

 

Inferring hidden causes

T. Kushnir, A. Gopnik, L Schulz, & D. Danks (2003). Inferring hidden causes. In R. Alterman & D. Kirsch (eds), Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society: Boston MA.

 

Sorting and acting with objects in early childhood: ...

T. Nazzi & A. Gopnik (2003). Sorting and acting with objects in early childhood: an exploration of the use of causal cues. Cognitive Development 18:219-237.

 

Causal learning mechanisms in very young children: ...

A. Gopnik, D. Sobel, L. Schulz, & C. Glymour (2001). Causal learning mechanisms in very young children: Two, three, and four-year-olds infer causal relations from patterns of variation and covariation. Developmental Psychology 37(5):620-629.